《孙子兵法》名句赏析 “The Art of War” - famous quotes (阅读:415)

发表于2022-07-14 07:11


《孙子兵法》名句赏析 “The Art of War” - famous quotes


All warfare is based on deception. Hence, when able to attack, we must seem unable; when using our forces, we must seem inactive; when we are near, we must make the enemy believe we are far away; when far away, we must make him believe we are near.



Hold out baits to entice the enemy. Feign disorder, and crush him.

If he is secure at all points, be prepared for him. If he is in superior strength, evade him.

Attack him where he is unprepared, appear where you are not expected.



Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting.



It is the rule in war, if our forces are ten to the enemy's one, to surround him; if five to one, to attack him; if twice as numerous, to divide our army into two. If equally matched, we can offer battle; if slightly inferior in numbers, we can avoid the enemy; if quite unequal in every way, we can flee from him.



He will win who knows when to fight and when not to fight.


知彼知己,百战不殆;不知彼而知己,一胜一负,不知彼不知己,每战必殆。Hence the saying: If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.



Therefore, just as water retains no constant shape, so in warfare there are no constant conditions. He who can modify his tactics in relation to his opponent and thereby succeed in winning, may be called a heaven-born captain.



A clever general, therefore, avoids an army when its spirit is keen, but attacks it when it is sluggish and inclined to return.



Place your army in deadly peril, and it will survive; plunge it into desperate straits, and it will come off in safety.




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